The Movement toward Professionalism in MedicineJanuary 1, 1751
Pre-1770January 1, 1770
The New MidwiferyJanuary 1, 1812
Medicine in a Democratic Culture: 1760-1850January 1, 1850
Doctors were usually not educated. Books that were popular at the time were on self-help measures, common-sense medicine.
The development of religious thought—not medical progress—first brought about the decline of magic in healing and other spheres of…Read more
Around the Turn of the CenturyJanuary 1, 1900
Economic changes made families less self-sufficient.
Scientific discoveries and the development of more effective treatments led to increased public acceptance of medicine.
Automobiles and smooth roads made hospital access easier.
Some large city hospitals opened prenatal clinics.
Anesthesia was introduced in the late 1800s and “twilight sleep” in 1914.
As medical education and care improved, physicians organized to solidify their status and…Read more
The 1920sJanuary 1, 1920
Health insurance vanished during the 1920s.
Economic prosperity during the 1920s increased the size of the middle class, which directed women not to work. Upper- and middle-class women wanted doctors, not lower-class midwives.
By 1920, doctors believed that “normal” deliveries were so rare that interventions should be made during every labor to prevent…Read more
The 1930sJanuary 1, 1930
The 1940sJanuary 1, 1940
During World War II, more than 3 million women were recruited for war-related jobs.
While President Harry Truman lobbied hard for a national health insurance program in the 1940s, the AMA lobbied hard against it, calling it “socialized medicine,” and turned the polls completely around from a plan favored by the American people to one that was vanishing.
The AMA campaign against nationalized medicine cost $1.5 million. At the time it was the most expensive lobbying effort in American…Read more
The 1950sJanuary 1, 1950
The 1960sJanuary 1, 1960
The Kennedy administration took up the cause of “community care” and turned it into a major federal program in the…Read more
The 1980sJanuary 1, 1980
The 1990sJanuary 1, 1990
In the first half of the…Read more
Barriers TodayJanuary 1, 2000
Sheila KitzingerApril 11, 2015
Sheila Kitzinger, natural childbirth expert, dies aged…Read more
Lunatic gives birth to twins in publicMay 14, 2015
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